He contents the people wher he goys best that ever did prince; for many a poor man that hath suffred wrong many days have be relevyd and helpyd by hym and his commands in his progresse.
Early life[ edit ] Richard was born on 2 October  at Fotheringhay Castlethe twelfth of 13 children of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville at the beginning of what has traditionally been labelled the " Wars of the Roses ", a period of "three or four decades of political instability and periodic open civil war in the second half of the fifteenth century",  between supporters of Richard's father a potential claimant to the throne of King Henry VI from birth  —" Yorkists "—in opposition to the regime of Henry VI and his wife, Margaret of Anjou and those loyal to the crown " Lancastrians ".
At this time Richard was named Duke of Gloucester and made a Knight of the Garter and Knight of the Bath ; he was involved in the rough politics of the Wars of the Roses from an early age for example, Edward appointed him the sole Commissioner of Array for the Western Counties inwhen he was By the age of 17, he had an independent command.
George joined his father-in-law's revolt against the king,  while Richard remained loyal to Edward, even though rumour coupled Richard's name with Anne Neville until August InRichard's sister Margaret had married Charles the Boldthe Duke of Burgundy, and the brothers could expect a welcome there.
Although only eighteen years old, Richard played crucial roles in the battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury  that resulted in Edward's restoration to the throne in spring During his adolescence, Richard developed idiopathic scoliosis.
Jo Appleby, of Leicester University's School of Archaeology and Ancient History, imaged the spinal column and reconstructed a model using 3D printingand concluded that though the spinal scoliosis looked dramatic, it probably did not cause any major physical deformity that could not be disguised by clothing.
It was not only the earldom that was at stake; Richard Neville had inherited it as a result of his marriage to Anne Beauchampwho was still alive and outlived both her daughters and was technically the owner of the substantial Beauchamp estates, her own father having left no male heirs.
In order to win his brother George's final consent to the marriage, Richard renounced most of Warwick's land and property including the earldoms of Warwick which the Kingmaker had held in his wife's right and Salisbury and surrendered to Clarence the office of Great Chamberlain of England.
In their case the papal dispensation was obtained after Catherine declared the first marriage had not been consummated. Richard's marriage to Anne was never declared null, and it was public to everyone including secular and canon lawyers for 13 years.
Later in the year, under the terms of the Act of Resumption,  George lost some of the property he held under royal grant, and made no secret of his displeasure.
John Paston's letter of November says that the king planned to put both his younger brothers in their place by acting as "a stifler atween them". Inon his birthday, he was made Constable of Gloucester and Corfe Castles and Admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine  and appointed Governor of the North, becoming the richest and most powerful noble in England.
On 17 Octoberhe was made Constable of England. The following year, he was appointed Chief Steward and Chamberlain of Wales. They departed Flushing for England on 11 March Kendall and later historians have suggested that this was with the intention of making Richard the Lord of the North;  Peter Booth, however, has argued that "instead of allowing his brother the Duke of Gloucester carte blanche, [Edward] restricted his influence by using his own agent, Sir William Parr.
Its main focus of operations was Yorkshire and the north-east, and its primary responsibilities were land disputes, keeping of the king's peace, and punishing lawbreakers.
He had been Warden of the West March on the Scottish border since 10 September and again from May ; he used Penrith as a base while 'taking effectual measures' against the Scots, and 'enjoyed the revenues of the estates' of the Forest of Cumberland while doing so.
Louis XI of France had attempted to negotiate a military alliance with Scotland in the tradition of the " Auld Alliance "with the aim of attacking England, according to a contemporary French chronicler.
The king failed to arrive to lead the English army and the result was intermittent skirmishing until early Although it is debatable whether the English victory was due more to internal Scottish divisions rather than any outstanding military prowess by Richard,  it was the last time that the Royal Burgh of Berwick changed hands between the two realms.
At the queen's request, Earl Rivers was escorting the young king to London with an armed escort of men, while Richard and Buckingham's joint escort was men. They were taken to Pontefract Castle, where they were executed on 25 June on the charge of treason against the Lord Protector after appearing before a tribunal led by Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland.
Earl Rivers had appointed Richard as executor of his will. They entered the city on 4 May, displaying the carriages of weapons Earl Rivers had taken with his man army. Richard first accommodated Edward in the Bishop's apartments; then, on Buckingham's suggestion, the king was moved to the royal apartments of the Tower of Londonwhere kings customarily awaited their coronation.
Joining her were her son by her first marriage, Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset ; her five daughters; and her youngest son, Richard, Duke of York.The Duke of Gloucester, the King of England's brother, and some other persons of quality, were not present at this interview, as being averse to the treaty; but they recollected themselves afterwards, the Duke of Gloucester waited .
The son of Richard, Duke of York, young Richard was named Duke of Gloucester when his brother was crowned King Edward IV in Richard spent most of Edward's reign in the northern parts of the realm, earning a reputation as an able administrator and commander of Yorkist forces during the War of the Roses against King Henry VI.
Edward IV: Edward IV, king of England from until October and again from April until his death in He was a leading participant in the Yorkist-Lancastrian conflict known as the Wars of the Roses.
he and his brother, Richard, duke of Gloucester, returned to England in March Taking London, he defeated and . Richard III was king of England for two turbulent years.
He was also granted the title "Duke of Gloucester." When he was old enough, Richard assumed the rights and responsibilities with his. Richard III was King of England for just over two years in the 15th century, but the debate about him continues: Shall he be remembered as a visionary reformer and brilliant administrator, or as an ambitious usurper and ruthless murderer?
The son of Richard, Duke of York, young Richard was named Duke of Gloucester when his brother was . Richard III was born on 2 October as the 12th of 13 children of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville. His father, though not a king himself, had a strong genealogical claim to the throne of mtb15.com Of Birth: Fotheringhay Castle.