Ancient art

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Ancient art

Ancient Greek vase painting By convention, finely painted vessels of all shapes are called "vases", and there are oversignificantly complete surviving pieces, [6] giving with the inscriptions that many carry unparalleled insights into many aspects of Greek life.

Sculptural or architectural pottery, also very often painted, are referred to as terracottasand also survive in large quantities.

In much of the literature, "pottery" means only painted vessels, or "vases". Pottery was the main form of grave goods deposited in tombs, often as "funerary urns" containing the cremated ashes, and was widely exported.

The famous and distinctive style of Greek vase-painting with figures depicted with strong outlines, with thin lines within the outlines, reached its peak from about to BC, and divides into the two main styles, almost reversals of each other, of black-figure and red-figure painting, the other colour forming the background in each case.

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Other colours were very limited, normally to small areas of white and larger ones of a different purplish-red. Within the restrictions of these techniques and other strong conventions, vase-painters achieved remarkable results, combining refinement and powerful expression.

White ground technique allowed more freedom in depiction, but did not wear well and was mostly made for burial. Exceptions are the large Archaic monumental vases made as grave-markers, trophies won at games, such as the Panathenaic Amphorae filled with olive oil, and pieces made specifically to be left in graves; some perfume bottles have a money-saving bottom just below the mouth, so a small quantity makes them appear full.

Painted vessels for serving and eating food are much less common. In earlier periods even quite small Greek cities produced pottery for their own locale. These varied widely in style and standards. Distinctive pottery that ranks as art was produced on some of the Aegean islands, in Creteand in the wealthy Greek colonies of southern Italy and Sicily.

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Their pottery was exported all over the Greek world, driving out the local varieties. Pots from Corinth and Athens are found as far afield as Spain and Ukraineand are so common in Italy that they were first collected in the 18th century as "Etruscan vases".

In fact, by the 5th century BC, pottery had become an industry and pottery painting ceased to be an important art form. The range of colours which could be used on pots was restricted by the technology of firing: In the three earlier periods, the pots were left their natural light colour, and were decorated with slip that turned black in the kiln.

Hundreds of painters are, however, identifiable by their artistic personalities: He and other potters around his time began to introduce very stylised silhouette figures of humans and animals, especially horses. These often represent funeral processions, or battles, presumably representing those fought by the deceased.

These were shown much larger than the previous figures. The Wild Goat Style is a regional variant, very often showing goats. Human figures were not so influenced from the East, but also became larger and more detailed. Red-figure vases slowly replaced the black-figure style.

Sometimes larger vessels were engraved as well as painted. Erotic themes, both heterosexual and male homosexualbecame common. West Slope Warewith decorative motifs on a black glazed bodycontinued for over a century after.

Vessels and jewellery were produced to high standards, and exported far afield. Objects in silver, at the time worth more relative to gold than it is in modern times, were often inscribed by the maker with their weight, as they were treated largely as stores of value, and likely to be sold or re-melted before very long.

Early sanctuaries, especially Olympiayielded many hundreds of tripod-bowl or sacrificial tripod vessels, mostly in bronzedeposited as votives. These had a shallow bowl with two handles raised high on three legs; in later versions the stand and bowl were different pieces.

During the Orientalising period, such tripods were frequently decorated with figural protomesin the shape of griffinssphinxes and other fantastic creatures. From the late Archaic the best metalworking kept pace with stylistic developments in sculpture and the other arts, and Phidias is among the sculptors known to have practiced it.

Such hybrid pieces form a large part of survivals, including the Panagyurishte TreasureBorovo Treasureand other Thracian treasuresand several Scythian burials, which probably contained work by Greek artists based in the Greek settlements on the Black Sea. These were probably rarely, if ever, worn in life, but were given as votives and worn in death.Ancient Egyptian Art (Art In History) [Susie Hodge] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Ancient art

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Ancient art
Ancient Greek Jewelry- Hellenic Art