Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you.
Personal use only; commercial use is strictly prohibited.
Gender differences in voting behavior and participation rates persist across democracies. At the same time, countries vary substantially in the size of these gender gaps. In contemporary elections, women tend to support leftist parties more than men in many countries. Although men and women vote at similar rates today, women still trail men in important participatory attitudes and activities such as political interest and discussion.
Inequalities in political involvement undermine the quality of deliberation, representation, and legitimacy in the democratic process. A confluence of several interrelated factors resources, economy, socialization, political context work together to account for these differences.
Today, scholars more carefully consider the socially constructed nature of gender and the ways in which it interacts with other identities. Recent research on gender and political behavior suggests that political context affects different kinds of women in different ways, and future research should continue to investigate these important interactions.
After enfranchisement, women traditionally participated less than men in democracies around the world. In recent decades, women have made great strides in voter turnout.
However, women continue to report less political involvement across a host of participatory activities and attitudes—from joining political parties to attending demonstrations to political interest to discussion to efficacy.
Further, these gender differences persist across a set of industrialized democracies. Gender differences are largest in the attitudes and orientations that lead to active electoral participation. Gender equality in political interest and discussion has the potential to widen the scope of policy demands and even perhaps change the nature of the democratic process.
The persistence of gender gaps in political involvement yields both empirical and theoretical questions for the field of political behavior. Broadly, we ask here: Under what conditions do different kinds of people most effectively connect to the democratic process?
Among women, how do different groups of women vary? Can we expect gender differences to narrow over time? The growing body of research on gender and political behavior does not yield simple answers to these important questions.
Although often overlooked in early political behavior research, gender is woven into the fabric of electoral politics in an intricate pattern. This article focuses on mass-level voting behavior and political participation.
We examine three areas of political behavior: After sketching the contours of gender gaps in political behavior, we explore the contributions of four general sets of explanations for these differences: No single category of explanation offers sufficient leverage to explain these gaps.
Instead, it is clear that a confluence of explanatory forces narrow and exacerbate gender gaps over time. Finally, we consider some fruitful avenues for future research.
The trajectory of research on gender and political behavior suggests that political context affects different kinds of women in different ways. Our review of research in this subfield shows that we have a great deal of work ahead to unpack these important interactions.
Research on voting preferences has identified gender differences in vote choice, partisan attachments, ideology, and political attitudes. For political involvement, the role of gender has been studied across an array of political activities and orientations toward the political process.
Taken together, research finds that gender gaps in voting preferences and political involvement share considerable variation over time and across nations, modes of participation, and different groups of women.But beyond fatherlessness is the increasing feminization of even the intact, two-parent household.
Models of domestic life intentionally crafted to break old stereotypes and cultural norms. 20 Acute Essay Prompts On Gender Roles For University Students. Infanticide: It is a gender issue that affects women Political affiliations: The roles and positions of women and men in the political arena Gender inequalities: Gender inequalities exist in .
Gender and the political are reciprocal in nature; in political science, scholars examine “the particular and contextually specific ways in which politics constructs gender and gender constructs politics,” as Joan Scott writes in her article “Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis” (p.
). Multiculturalism and The Politics of Recognition: An Essay with Commentary [Charles Taylor, Amy Gutmann] on mtb15.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Can a democratic society treat all its members as equals and also recognize their specific cultural identities? Should it try to ensure the survival of specific cultural groups?
Is political recognition of ethnicity or gender essential.
Published: Mon, 08 May There are many differences between men and women which created what is called the gender gap. The gender gap is the differences between women and men, in comparison with social, political, . The gender identity in people’s minds is still that men are better in politics than women are.
It is important to mention that Lithuania always went beyond its neighbor countries – Latvia and Estonia, on this issue.